BLOOD TRANSFUSION DURING PREGNANCY

BLOOD TRANSFUSION DURING PREGNANCY

blood transfusion is a frequently performed procedure where you receive blood through an intravenous (IV) line into one of your blood vessels. Receiving a blood transfusion during pregnancy is not something most women want to think about. However, there are two conditions that may warrant a blood transfusion during pregnancy.

What are the Reasons to Have a Blood Transfusion During Pregnancy?

There are two primary reasons you may need a blood transfusion while pregnant. These include the development of severe anemia close to your due date, or hemorrhaging at some point during your pregnancy.

     Iron-Deficiency during pregnancy

Severe iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy increases the risk of premature birth (when delivery occurs before 37 complete weeks of pregnancy). Iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy is also associated with having a low birth weight baby and postpartum depression. Some studies also show an increased risk of infant death immediately before or after birth.

What are the risk factors for iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy?                                                              They include…

  • Have two closely spaced pregnancies
  • Are pregnant with more than one baby
  • Are vomiting frequently due to morning sickness
  • Don’t consume enough iron-rich foods
  • Have a heavy pre-pregnancy menstrual flow
  • Have a history of anemia before your pregnancy
           THIS ARE SYMTOMS OF IRON DEFICIENCY                                                                                           
  • Craving or chewing ice (pica)
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Weakness
  • Pale or yellowish skin
  • Shortness of breath
  • Craving or chewing ice (pica)
  • A rapid heartbeat
  • Low blood pressure
  • Difficulty concentrating

How is iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy treated?

Prenatal vitamins typically contain iron. Taking a prenatal vitamin that contains iron can help prevent and treat iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy. In some cases, your health care provider might recommend a separate iron supplement. During pregnancy, you need 27 milligrams of iron a day.

Good nutrition can also prevent iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy. Dietary sources of iron include lean red meat, poultry and fish. Other options include iron-fortified breakfast cereals, dark green leafy vegetables, dried beans and peas.

 

 

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