CHRONIC RESPIRATORY DISEASE

    Chronic respiratory diseases which is denoted as(CRDs), affect the airways and other structures of the lungs in as much making it difficult to breath.
        Most of the diseases of chronic respiratory disease include
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  •  Asthma.
  • pulmonary hypertension.

       RISK FACTORS OF CRDs

Those who smoke cigarettes increase their risk of developing lung cancer, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and asthma.

  • Exposure to tobacco smoke. The most significant risk factor for COPD is long-term cigarette smoking.
  • poor nutrition.
  • Occupational exposure to dusts and chemicals.
  • Exposure to fumes and smoke from carbon-based cooking and heating fuels, such as charcoal and gas.
  • Genetics.

                      SYMPTOMS

The symptoms of chronic respiratory diseases include…

  • Shortness of breath, especially during physical activities.
  • Wheezing.
  • Chest tightness.
  • A chronic cough that may produce mucus (sputum) that may be clear, white, yellow or greenish.
  • Frequent respiratory infections.
  • Lack of energy.
  • Unintended weight loss (in later stages).

       TREATMENT

Its all depend on the respiratory condition, medications can include  oral steroids and intravenous treatment.

  • Bronchodilators. Bronchodilators are medications that usually come in inhalers — they relax the muscles around your airways.
  • Inhaled steroids.
  • Combination inhalers.
  • Oral steroids.
  • Phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitors.
  • Theophylline.
  • Antibiotics.

      TIPS TO KEEP A HEALTHY LUNGS.

  • DON’T SMOKE: Cigarette smoking is the major cause of lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Cigarette smoke can narrow the air passages and make breathing more difficult. It causes chronic inflammation, or swelling in the lung, which can lead to chronic bronchitis. Over time cigarette smoke destroys lung tissue and may trigger changes that grow into cancer. Read more about chronic kidney disease
  • EXERCISE: Whether you are young or old, slender or large, able-bodied or living with a chronic illness or disability, being physically active can help keep your lungs healthy.
  • GETTING REGULAR CHECK-UP: Regular check-ups help prevent diseases, even when you are feeling well. This is especially true for lung disease, which sometimes goes undetected until it is serious. During a check-up, your healthcare provider will listen to your breathing and listen to your concerns.
  • Avoid Exposure to Indoor Pollutants That Can Damage Your Lungs.
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