Gonorrhoea is a type of infection caused by a microorganism called “Neisseria gonorrhoeae”. It is an STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease). In males, it causes urethral inflammation, discharge from the tip of the penis, and pain while urinating. In females, it causes itching and burning sensation in the genital area and yellowish-green discharge from the vagina. This Gram-negative bacterium can cause serious complications if not treated on time. If left untreated for long, it can spread to blood, joints and bones which can result in permanent damage or death. About: 350 million new cases of this disease are reported every year. Read through to about which type of microorganism causes gonorrhoea.
What are the symptoms of Gonorrhoea?
Some of the common signs of gonorrhoea in males include redness or swelling of the tip of the penis, painful urination, and discharge from the tip of the penis. In females, symptoms of gonorrhoea include itching and burning sensation in the genital area, abnormal vaginal discharge, and pain while urinating. The common signs of gonorrhoea in both males and females include fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting. Also, one must know that gonorrhea is curable, but it is important to visit a doctor to know that you have it. This is because it is often confused with other infections, such as yeast infections, which are treated differently. As far as prevention goes, it is as simple as abstinence, but condoms are also effective. Since gonorrhea can be transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, it is important to make sure that there is sufficient barrier between you and your partner.
How does microorganism causes gonorrhoea spread?
Gonorrhoea is commonly spread through sexual contact, specifically through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral intercourse with an infected person. It can also be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus, which can result in blindness in newborn infants. The bacterium can travel through the skin and mucous membranes, so it can be transmitted even if the skin around the genitals is not broken. This can happen through fingers, condoms, or other objects that may have been contaminated with the bacteria. It can also spread through the infected person’s saliva during kissing. Partners must be vigilant with protection if either person has an STD.
How to Diagnose Gonorrhoea?
A sample of discharge from the infected person can be collected for testing. It is usually cultured in a lab to find out if it is gonorrhea. A swab test can also be used for diagnosis. A health care provider will scrape the infected area with a swab and collect the sample to test for gonorrhea. It is important that the swab is collected properly and sent to the lab for analysis. The test for gonorrhea is a simple blood test that can be done at a doctor’s office or at a lab. The test is done to find out if a person has been exposed to gonorrhea or has contracted it. It is important to note that the laboratory test for gonorrhea is not the same as a full blood count, which looks at the overall function of the blood.
What is the treatment for Gonorrhoea?
A combination of two antibiotics, azithromycin and ceftriaxone, can be used to treat gonorrhea. Other antibiotics that might be prescribed include cefixime or penicillin. If left untreated for long, it can spread to blood, joints and bones and cause permanent damage or death. Drinking sufficient amount of water, eating nutritious food and getting ample sleep can help you overcome the infection faster.
Gonorrhea, if left undiagnosed and untreated, can cause serious health complications. It can lead to infertility in both men and women, as well as PID, which can cause pelvic pain, abdominal pain, and fertility issues. Gonorrhea can also spread to the blood and joints, which can result in arthritis and joint pain. It is important to know the symptoms of gonorrhea, as well as how it is transmitted, to prevent future infections. If you have had sexual contact with another person and have any of these symptoms, it is important to visit a doctor as soon as possible to get tested and treated.
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